English Language for IBPS RRB PO/CLERKs Mains

Directions (Q. 1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions. Certain words/ phrases are given in hold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The sage Mandavya, who had acquired strength of mind and knowledge of the scriptures, spent his days in penance and the practice of truth. He lived in a hermitage in the forest ,on the outskirts of the city. One day whiie he was immersed in silent contemplation under the shade of a tree outside his hut of leaves, a band of robbers fled through the woods with officers of the king in hot pursuit. The fugitives entered the ashrama, thinking that it would be a convenient place to hide themselves in. They placed their booty in a comer and hid themselves. The soldiers of the king came to the ashrama tracking their footsteps.

The commander of the soldiers asked Mandavya, who was rapt in deep meditation, in a tone of peremptory command: “Did you see the robbers pass by? Where did they go? Reply at once so that we may give chase and capture them.” The sage, who was absorbed in yoga, remained silent. The commander repeated the question insolently.

But the sage did not hear anything. In the meantime some of the attendants entered the ashrama and discovered the stolen goods lying there. They reported this to their commander. All of them went in and found the stolen goods and the robbers who were in hiding.

The commander thought: “Now I know the reason why the Brahmana pretended to be a silent sage. He is indeed the chief of these robbers. He has inspired this robbery.” Then he ordered his soldiers to guard the place went to the king and told him that the sage Mandavya had been caught with the stolen goods.

The king was very angry at the audacity of the chief of the robbers who had put on the garb of a Brahmana sage to deceive the world. Without pausing to verify the facts, he ordered the wicked criminal, as he thought him, to be impaled.

The commander returned to the hermitage, impaled Mandavya on a spear and handed over the stolen things to the king.

The virtuous sage, though impaled on the spear, did not die. Since he was in yoga when hé was impaled he remained alive by the power of yoga. Sages who lived in other parts of the forest came to his hermitage and asked Mandavya how he came to be in that terrible pass.

Mandavya replied: “Whom shall I blame? The servants of the king, who protect the world, have inflicted this punishment.”

The king was surprised and frightened when he heard that the impaled sage was still alive and that he was surrounded by the other sages of the forest. He hastened to the forest with his attendants and at once ordered the sage to be taken down from the spear. hen he prostrated at his feet and prayed humbly to be forg ven for the offence unwittingly committed.

Mandavya was not angry with e king. He went straight to Dharma, the divine dispenser of justice, who was seated on his throne, and asked him: “What crime have I committed to deserve this torture?”

Lord Dharma, who knew the great power of the sage replied in all humility, “O sage,you have tortured birds or bees.Are you  not aware that all deeds,goods or bad, however srnall, inevitably produce their results,good or evil?

Mandavya was surprised at this reply of Lord Dharma and asked: “When did I commit this offence? Lord Dharma replied: “When you were a Child.Mandavya then pronounced a curse on Dharma“This punishment you have decreed is far in excess of  deserts of a mistake committed by a child in ignorance.Be born, therefore, as a mortal in the world.

Lord Dharma, who was thus cursed by the sage Mandavya, incamated as Vidura and was born of the servant-maid of Ambalika, the wife of Vichitravirya.Why did Sage Mandavya pronounce a curse on Dharma?

Q.1)Why did Sage Mandavya pronounce a curse on Dharma?

(A) Because Dharma had accused Mandavya of committing a serious crime of protecting the robbers.

(B) Because Lord Dharma had tortured birds and bees when he was a child.

(C) Because Lord Dharma had decreed the
punishment dispmportionate to the mistakes committed by Mandavya.

1) Only (A)


3) Only (C)

4) Only (A) and (B)

5) Only(A) and (C)

Q.2)Find the incorrect statement on the basis of the given passage.

1) Though impaled on the spear, Mandavya did not die because of the effect of yoga.

2) Vidura was the son of Vichitravirya.

3) On asking about the whereabouts of the robbers the sage kept silent.

4) The king was very angry to see the robbers’ chief in the garb of a Brahmana sage.
5)non of the above
Q. 3) Which of the following is true in the context of the passage?

1) Sage Mandavyn was the chief of robbers in the guise of  sage.

2) Vidura was the incarnation of Dharm

3) Mandavya was a criminal by birth.

4) Small sins committed by a child in ignorance do not produce evil results.

5) Other than those given as options

Q.4)What made the commander think that sage Mandavya was indeed the chief of robbers?

1) His silence

2) The stolen go ds lying in the ashanna

3) The robbers hiding in the ashrama

4) The garb of sage Mandavya

5) The attitude of sage Mandavya

Q.5)whom did Mandavya blame for the punishment inflicted on himself?
1)The King
2)The commander of the soldiers
3) Lord Dharma .
4) The servants of the king
5) None of the above Directions
(Q.6-8): Choose the Word Which
MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word Printed in bold as used in the passage.

1) hidden
2) drenched
3) engrossed
4) negligent
5) slept

1) held
2) kept
3) withstood
4) approved
5) given

1) never
2) unavoidably
3) seldom
4) rarely
5) sometimes
Directions (Q.9-10): Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

1) authoritative
2) final
3) firm
4) bossy
5) lenient

1) procrastinated
2) advanced
3) galloped
5) pushed

Directions (Q.11-15) Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there Is ‘No error’ the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, ifany.)
Q.11) 1)Archaeologists are not exactly Sure, / 2) but recent research suggested that / 3) humans domesticated the big / 4) bird at least 1500 years ago. / 5) No error

Q.12) 1)Dr Feinman and his colleagues uncovered / 2) several whole eggs burried together / 3) under two households / 4) in the Mitla fortress in 2009. 5) No error

Q.13) 1) Despite the steps taken by the RBI / 2) and banks to secure transactions, close to 94% / 3) believed that/ 4) the security measures are at adequate. / 5) No error

Q.14)  1)The Nepal Army Chief escribed the current situation /2) of the country as very volatile, difficult and challenging”, / 3) and asked the institution to remain prepared / 4) to face an eventuality. / 5) No error

Q.15) 1)A Sikh couple from India/ 2)were gunned down / 3) by two bike-born assailants /4 ) in the Philippines. / 5) No error

Directions (Q.16-20): Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

Q.16)Of all the development ___________by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, cooperative _________is one that has been an unalloyed Success.

1)Promises, federalism

2) aggreements, Section
3) assurance, endeavour
4)Pacts, Attitude
5) breaks, banks 
17)Aradhana Samdariya’s death has _________debate over the Jain practice of santhara, which_________  fasting till death.
1)Tiggered, touches
2) ceased, removes
3) stopped,hold
4) launched, includes
5) sparked, Involvess

18)Kannur is in the ____________of an other wordly __________after the latest murder of a BJP activist.
1) reach,effect
2) influence, favour
3) grip, Paranoia
4) disgust, trouble
5) power, attack

19)The political discourse may still be ________by the noise of electoral sops, caste, religion, family feuds etc but performance has become an integral_____________ on public platforms.

1) commanded, motto
2) prevailed, slogan
3) dominated, buzzword
4) influenced, phrase
5) followed, jargon

20)Deep Trivedi, renowned author and pioneer of spiritual psychodynamics, has given ____________on the profound psychology of the Bhagavad Gita by explaining the true meaning of the 700 verses on the____________of Its deepest psychology. .

1) declaration, ground
2) talks, basis
3) Speech, fooling
4) discourse, core
5) lecture, root

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